The Icy Satellites

General Information

The ESPACE project

Jupiter's satellites

Saturn's satellites

Uranus' satellites

Neptune's satellites

>Exploration missions

Work done at ROB

Contact, Info and Links

Info page

 Icy Satellites Info page

Internet Websites
The images used on the website are mostly taken from Planetary Photojournal du JPL (Nasa).

The official websites of the missions Voyager.

The official website of the Galileo.

mission The official website of the Cassini-Huygens mission for NASA and for ESA.

More on past, present missions and those being studies for NASA: Solar System Exploration

More on mission in the process of being thought through at ESA: Cosmic Vision

The Royal Observatory of Belgium's website dedicated to the ESPACE project.
General articles
Large impact features on middle-sized icy satellites,
J. Moore et al.
Icarus, vol 171, 2004, pp 421-443. (available here)

For the satellites of Jupiter
The Galilean Satellites
A. Showman and R. Malhotra.
Science, vol 286, 1999, pp 77-83.

Formation of Cycloidal Features on Europa ,
G. Hoppa et al.
Science, vol 285, 1999, pp 1899-1902.

Active Volcanism on Io ,
A. McEwen.
Science, vol 297, 2002, pp 2220-2221.

Galileo Gravity Results and the Internal Structure of Io ,
J. Anderson, W. Sjogren and G. Schubert.
Science, vol 272, 1996, pp 709-712.

Internal structure of Europa and Callisto ,
O. Kuskov and V. Kronrod.
Icarus, vol 177, 2002, pp 550-569.

The internal structure of Callisto ,
C. Thomas and R. Ghail.
Lunar and Planetary Science, XXXIII, 2002.

For the satellites of Saturn
Mimas' Interior Models, Prospects For Constraining Enceladus' Thermal Evolution ,
T. Johnson, J. Castillo-Rogez and D. Matson.
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, vol 38, 2006, p 621.

Interior Structures of Enceladus and Mimas: Implications from Their Densities and Equilibrium Shapes ,
F. Sohl, H. Hussmann and R. Ziethe.
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, vol 38, 2006, p 521.

The shape and internal structure of Mimas ,
S. Dermott and P. Thomas.
Icarus, vol 73, 1988, pp 25-65.

Cassini Encounters Enceladus: Background and the Discovery of a South Polar Hot Spot ,
J. Spencer et al.
Science, vol 311, 2006, pp 1401-1405.

Diapir-induced reorientation of Saturn's moon Enceladus ,
F. Nimmo and R. Pappalardo.
Nature, vol 441, 2006, pp 614-616.

Cassini Observes the Active South Pole of Enceladus ,
C. Porco et al.
Science, vol 311, 2006, pp 1393-1401.

Internal Structure of Rhea and Enceladus ,
G. Schubert et al.
American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2006,
abstract #P31D-06.

Gravity field and interior structure of Rhea ,
J. Anderson et al.
Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol 136, 2003, pp 201-213.

Interiors of Enceladus, Dione and Rhea ,
G. Schubert and J. Anderson.
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, vol 38, 2006, p 628.

The geology of Thetys ,
J. Moore and J. Ahern.
Journal of Geophysical Research, volume 88, 1983, pp A577-A584.

The shape of Tethys ,
P. Thomas and S. Dermott.
Iacrus, vol 94, 1991, pp 391-398.

Episodic outgassing as the origin of atmospheric methane on Titan ,
G. Tobie et al.
Nature, volume 440, 2006, pp 61-64. (available here)

Titan's internal structure inferred from a coupled thermal-orbital model ,
G. Tobie ans al.
Iacrus, vol 175, 2005, pp 496-502. (available here)

On a ring origin of the equatorial ridge of Iapetus , W.-H. Ip.
Geophysical Research Letters,
volume 33, 2006

Gravity Science In The Saturnian System: The Masses of Phoebe, Iapetus, Dione, and Enceladus ,
N. Rappaport et al.
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, vol 37, 2005, p 704.

For the satellites of Uranus
The Near Infrared Spectrum of Miranda: Evidence of Crystalline Water Ice ,
J. Bauer et al.
Icarus, vol 158, 2002, pp 178-190.

Modeling the disruption and reaccumulation of Miranda ,
F. Marzazi et al.
Astronomy and Astrophysics, n° 333, 1998, pp 1082-1091.

Extensional tilt blocks on Miranda: Evidence for an upwelling origin of Arden Corona ,
R. Pappalardo et al.
Journal of Geophysical Research, vol 102, 1997, pp 13,363-13,379.

Discovery of co2 ice and leading-trailing spectral asymmetry on the uranian satellite Ariel ,
W. Grundy.
Icarus, vol 162, 2003, pp 222-229.

The Interior Structure and Paleogeography of Ariel ,
O. Prieto and J. Kargel.
Lunar and planetary Science, XXVIII, 1997. (available here)

Tidal heating of Ariel ,
W. Tittemore. Icarus,
vol 87, 1990, pp 110-139.

Viscous Relaxation of Craters on Ariel: Implications for Crustal Composition ,
P. Schenk and W. McKinnon
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, vol 20, 1988, p 881.

Uranus Satellite Densities: Compression Models and Implications for Bulk Composition ,
T. Johnson.
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, vol 18, 2006, p 783.

Oberon: color photometry and its geological implications ,
P. Helfenstein et al.
Lunar and planetary Science, XXI, 1990.

New Geologic Maps of the Uranian Satellites Titania, Oberon, Umbriel and Miranda ,
S. Croft.
Lunar and planetary Science, XX, 1989.

What is different about Oberon? ,
J. Hillier et al.
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, vol 20, 1988, p 881.

Interplanetary kidnap ,
A. Morbidelli.
Nature, vol 441, 2006, pp 162-163.

For the satellite of Neptune
Interplanetary kidnap ,
A. Morbidelli.
Nature, vol 441, 2006, pp 162-163.

Neptune's capture of its moon Triton in a binary-planet gravitational encounter ,
C.B. Agnor and D.P. Hamilton.
Nature, vol 441, 2006, pp 192-194.

Heat flow and depth to a possible internal ocean on Triton ,
J. Ruiz. Icarus,
vol 166, 2003, pp 436-439.

Are Pluto and Triton Presently Internally Active? ,
W. McKinnon and S. Mueller.
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, Vol. 25, 1993, p.1138.

The role of an internal heat source for the eruptive plumes on Triton ,
N.S. Duxbury and R.H. Brown.
Icarus, vol 125, 1997, pp 83-93.

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